By Walter Sorochan
Posted June, 2010. Disclaimer
Farmers are growing dent corn 6. dent corn,11. Gush Rick ] that is used to make a special type of sweetener called high-fructose corn syrup [ HFCS ]. It costs much less [ -30% ] than beet sugar [ which is sucrose ], consequently it is used to sweeten almost all processed foods in grocery stores and in restaurants. This sweetener is hidden from you as it is mixed into the food. For example, corn syrup is added to pancake mix, to pancake syrup and to ketchup. You can’t see it, but it makes the food taste better and so you eat more of the food [ and the corn syrup ]. So what is so bad about corn syrup as a sweetener?
Corn syrup has been linked to causing a number of health problems: notably obesity and diabetes, and suspected in causing cardiovascular disorders and colorectal cancer in women. Some persons are allergic to corn and will get sick from corn syrup. [ 4. Critser, 8. Emathis, 15. Klein, 18. Poirot, 21., 24. Weatherby ]
Controversy: There is some controversy about the corn syrup causing health problems. Although the link to obesity is belittled by papers and research paid for by the corn industry [ 23. White and Foreyt, 24. Weatherby ], independent research validates the concern over corn syrup and health. Corn syrup alone is not the sole cause of obesity. There are other contributing causes. The controversy is more about the government subsidies for corn. [ 4. Critser, 10 government ]
In order to understanding just how corn syrup disrupts the normal functioning of metabolism and digestion in the body, one has to examine its biochemistry. Corn syrup is made up of a two simple sugars: fructose and glucose. Fructose is digested differently from common sugars like glucose. For example, Glucose causes fat cells to release the hormone leptin that makes you feel full. Glucose also prevents the stomach from releasing the hormone ghrelin that makes you hungry. The leptin makes you feel full so you eat less. [ 2. American Journal, 9. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology, 22. Walker Jamal ]
On the other hand, fructose does not cause fat cells to release leptin and does not suppress ghrelin. This means that fructose increases hunger to make you eat more. Furthermore, the liver converts fructose far more readily to a body fat called triglyceride, than it does with glucose. [ 2. American Journal, 9. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology, 22. Walker Jamal ]
The main point being made is that fructose adds to overeating because it does not trigger chemical messengers that tell the brain the stomach is full and to stop eating! Instead, the brain tells you that you are still hungrey. Eat More! and then a little more! Now, don't the extra calories feel good, especially around the stomach? Your brain remembers this and the next time you go out to eat, your brain says"Hey, get me that corn syrup food!" Your brain sends you a message to eat the food again! It seems that the corn syrup has conditioned your brain into eating corn syrup again.... " a possible addiction??"
The end result is that our bodies are essentially tricked into wanting to eat more and at the same time, we are storing more fat. [ 19. Severson ] It becomes easy now to link corn syrup to obesity. People eating foods and drinking beverage drinks with corn syrup eat more; they take in more calories than their body needs and store the excess calories as body fat. Numerous researchers have confirmed that there is a relationship between corn syrup and the obese epidemic in the United States and Canada. [ 2. American Journal, 9. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology, 22. Walker Jamal ]
Major Problem: The exact amount of corn syrup used in various foods is a company secret and difficult to uncover. Processed foods sold in grocery stores must print on the label all ingredients in the food item, including corn syrup or HFCS but not the amount. The closer it is near the beginning the greater percent amount.
What do you do? Three major places where corn syrup may be found or used in foods:
1. Grocery stores: many if not most processed foods use HFCS. Before buying, read the small fine print on the Label
Read the Labels & look for corn syrup in small print:
Example of label information
2. Fast food restaurants: Best to avoid eating fast foods. HFCS is hidden in buns, soft drinks, pastry, desserts, ketchup and sauces..
3. Restaurants all kinds:HFCS may be hidden in soft drinks, pastry, desserts, ketchup and sauces. No one knows whether corn syrup is used, how much, etc.. “Ask the waitress to ask the cook if corn syrup is in the food you want to order. [ They probably don’t know].
Eat & COOK at home: Cook your own food in your kitchen, don’t use corn syrup ingredients, poly saturated or saturated fats. You need to avoid corn syrup. Get control of your life and start eating a healthy diet.
Food products with high fructose corn syrup [ avoid ]: [ incomplete list ]
Incomplete list; Read the Label
These substitutes should be free of corn syrup. But always read the label:
[ Remember: These substitutes for corn syrup are still sugar and sugar has calories! You replace one evil with another. ]
1. ABC News, “Corn: Fueling the Fast Food Industry and Obesity,” New Documentary 'King Corn' Exposes the Ubiquity and Potential Harm, March 13, 2008.
2. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 76, No. 5, 911-922, November 2002.
3. CORN SYRUP: Sweetener, thickener: Candy, marshmallows, syrups, snack foods, imitation dairy foods. Corn syrup, which consists mostly of dextrose, is a sweet, thick liquid made by treating cornstarch with acids or enzymes. It may be dried and used as corn syrup solids in coffee whiteners and other dry products. Corn syrup contains no nutritional value other than calories, promotes tooth decay, and is used mainly in foods with little intrinsic nutritional value. Reference: Food Additives, Center for Science for Public Interest Website
4. Critser Greg, "Fat Land: How Americans Became the Fattest People in the World.".University of California Press: Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston, Massachusetts, USA.,2004, 224 pp [ lays out a compelling case against high fructose corn syrup ]
5. Dean Shea, " Children of the Corn Syrup, " The Believer, OCTOBER 2003. Website
6. Dent corn: is the most widely grown type of corn, and constitutes about 73 percent of the U.S. annual crop. When one sees a large field of corn, it is most likely a field of dent corn, as the other types [ sweet corn that we eat ] are usually grown on much smaller parcels. The term “field corn” usually refers to dent corn, but may also be applied to flint and flour types as well. The endosperm of dent corn has both the flinty-type starch and the softer flour starch. The term “Dent” refers to the characteristic depression in the top of the kernels.The leaves and stems of dent corn form the basis of the silage industry’s ruminant animal food products made from the composted, green corn-plant parts. The tall towers so common in the Corn Belt farm areas are the sophisticated compost bins where silage is produced. Many Dent-corn green parts are also pressed to extract corn syrup. [ refer to footnote # 7 ]
7. Dougherty Chuck Jr., “High Fructose Corn Syrup - the new plague, “ Search Warp Writer’s Community, April 21, 2008. Website [ article is easy to read and has good info ]
8. Emathis’s Blog, “ Just say no to high fructose corn syrup,” Friday, June 06, 2008
9. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 2002 Thema: Poster Diabetes, Metabolism and Gastrointestinal Hormones. p184.
10. Government subsidies: Instead of growing food for people, government subsidies pay farmers to grow corn as animal fodder, for ethanol [Ethanol gasoline fuel is commonly called E10 ] and to make the sweetener corn syrup. Very small amount of corn as food is grown. 90 % of “ subsidies “ corn grown today cannot be eaten by humans. Instead most of this corn is used for animal feed, to produce ethanol and corn syrup. Website
11. Gush Rick, “Crops & Gardening - Corn Sweet Corn,” Hobby Farms magazine, Fall 2002.Website
12. Gutierrez, David, “ Seattle Grocery Chain Stops Selling Foods Made With High Fructose Corn Syrup, NaturalNews.com, June 30 2008. Website
13. How did corn syrup become king of the food industry?
14. ____ “ How The Food Industry is Deceiving You! “ Pro Healthy Blog, Feb 15 2008 Website
15. Klein Samuel, “ Review: Fat land: how Americans became the fattest people in the world,” Journal of Clinical Investigation, January 01, 2004. Website
16. Low Nicholas H., “ Using GC to Detect Food Adulteration,” Agilent technologies, Department of Applied Microbiology and Food Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon (Canada)
17. Mathews Ruth, et la., Sugar content of selected foods, USDA Report # 43. Website
18. Poirot Carolyn, “ High-fructose corn syrup fueling obesity epidemic, doctors say,” The Seattle Times, December 2005 Website Referenced to Dr. George Bray [ professor of medicine at the LSU Medical Center ]:
19. Severson, Kim, “ Sugar coated: We're drowning in high fructose corn syrup. Do the risks go beyond our waistline? “ San Francisco Chronicle, February 18, 2004. Website
20. Types of corn syrup: Website
Website corn syrup
The typical types of HFCS are:
The process by which HFCS is produced was first developed by Richard O. Marshall and Earl R. Kooi in 1957. The industrial production process was refined by Dr. Y. Takasaki at Agency of Industrial Science and Technology of Ministry of International Trade and Industry of Japan in 1965-1970. HFCS was rapidly introduced in many processed foods and soft drinks in the US over the period of about 1975–1985.
In terms of sweetness, HFCS 55 is comparable to table sugar (sucrose), which is a disaccharide of fructose
and glucose. This makes it useful to manufacturers as a possible substitute for sucrose in soft drinks and
other processed foods. HFCS 90 is sweeter than sucrose, while HFCS 42 is not as sweet as sucrose.
21. ___, “Study: High Fructose Corn Syrup Used in Soda Linked to Diabetes,” Fox News, August 28, 2007 Website
22. Walker Jamal, “Does Hi-Fructose corn syrup cause Obesity? “ Her Active Life, August 17, 2007 Website
23. White John S. and Foreyt John F, “ Ten myths about high-fructose corn syrup,” Food Technology. Website
24. Weatherby Craig, “High-Fructose Corn Syrup Declared Unnatural,” Vital Choices, April 21, 2008 VOLUME 5